After months of denials, a short Eurogroup Statement shows Spain will submit a formal request to Brussels for a bailout. Here is the statement in full.
The Eurogroup supports the efforts of the Spanish authorities to resolutely address the restructuring of its financial sector and it welcomes their intention to seek financial assistance from euro area Member States to this effect.
The Eurogroup has been informed that the Spanish authorities will present a formal request shortly and is willing to respond favourably to such a request. The financial assistance would be provided by the EFSF/ESM for recapitalisation of financial institutions. The loan will be scaled to provide an effective backstop covering for all possible capital requirements estimated by the diagnostic exercise which the Spanish authorities have commissioned to the external evaluators and the international auditors. The loan amount must cover estimated capital requirements with an additional safety margin, estimated as summing up to EUR 100 billion in total.
Following the formal request, an assessment should be provided by the Commission, in liaison with the ECB, EBA and the IMF, as well as a proposal for the necessary policy conditionality for the financial sector that shall accompany the assistance.
The Eurogroup considers that the Fund for Orderly Bank Restructuring (F.R.O.B.), acting as agent of the Spanish government, could receive the funds and channel them to the financial institutions concerned. The Spanish government will retain the full responsibility of the financial assistance and will sign the MoU.
The Eurogroup notes that Spain has already implemented significant fiscal and labour market reforms and measures to strengthen the capital base of the Spanish banks. The Eurogroup is confident that Spain will honour its commitments under the excessive deficit procedure and with regard to structural reforms, with a view to correcting macroeconomic imbalances in the framework of the European semester. Progress in these areas will be closely and regularly reviewed also in parallel with the financial assistance. Beyond the determined implementation of these commitments, the Eurogroup considers that the policy conditionality of the financial assistance should be focused on specific reforms targeting the financial sector, including restructuring plans in line with EU state-aid rules and horizontal structural reforms of the domestic financial sector.
We invite the IMF to support the implementation and monitoring of the financial assistance with regular reporting.
Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner issued this meaningless statement on Spain following the Eurogroup announcement.
We welcome Spain’s action to recapitalize its banking system and the commitment by its European partners to provide support. These are important for the health of Spain’s economy and as concrete steps on the path to financial union, which is vital to the resilience of the euro area.
Lip Service to Reforms
In the Eurogroup statement, notice the lip service to Spain’s “significant fiscal and labour market reforms and measures to strengthen the capital base of the Spanish banks”.
It will be interesting to see the final terms but this bailout surely will not be the no-strings-attached request Spain had sought.
Once again, this is the wrong approach. Bondholders should have been wiped out. Instead, Spanish taxpayers will be put on the hook for another hundred billion euros.
If another hundred billion euros is all it takes, I will be amazed.