Romanian politicians impeached President Traian Băsescu in an overwhelming vote on Friday, paving the way for a national referendum that could see the divisive and increasingly unpopular leader ousted from the position he’s held for eight years.
The vote of 256-114 in parliament came as Băsescu and Prime Minister Victor Ponta have engaged in a bitter power struggle in the eastern European country of 19 million, which emerged from communism in 1989. The machinations, especially attempts to sideline the judiciary, have led the United States and the European Union to issue statements of concern about Romania‘s democracy.
Băsescu opponents accused him of overstepping his authority by meddling with the prime minister’s office and trying to influence judicial affairs. The 60-year-old former ship captain was also accused of making racist remarks about Gypsies and disabled people.
Senate speaker Crin Antonescu, who will serve as interim president now that Băsescu has been effectively suspended from the role, said a popular referendum on Băsescu’s fate will be held on 29 July.
Băsescu was impeached in 2007, but survived a referendum. Still, his popularity has declined steeply, and he faces tougher odds this time.
One major reason is that the Ponta-led government changed the law this week to make it easier to oust Băsescu from office. Now, a simple majority of votes cast is needed to push him out. Before, a majority of all voters in Romania was required.
Upon hearing of the impeachment, hundreds of Romanians rallied in central Bucharest to cheer the news, while others gathered to express their disappointment.
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